PSC SSC Modern India Study Materials: Viceroys of India

In the history section Modern India is an important topic for the competitive examinations like PSC and SSC. In this sections questions will be asked in the format " Who is the British Viceroy when the following incident was happened in India in the year

In the history section Modern India is an important topic for the competitive examinations like PSC and SSC. In this sections questions will be asked in the format " Who is the British Viceroy when the following incident was happened in India in the year____.
So we should know important incidents that happened during the period of different Viceroys in India before independence. Below we are only providing important incidents during the period of different viceroys. If you want to know more details about the Viceroys you can click know more and read more about that viceroy.
The viceroys of India are called Lords(പ്രഭു). There were 20 British Viceroys in India starting from 1856 to 1948.

1. Lord Canning (1856-62) [Important]

  • British Governor General during first Independent war (1857 Revolt)
  • First Viceroy and Last Governor General of India ( After 1857 revolt Governor General is replaced with Viceroy)
  • Introduced Income tax in India
  • Passed Indian Penal Code (IPC) in 1860
  • Doctrine of Lapse is officially withdrawn in 1859

2. Lord Elgin (1862-63)

  • High Courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1862

3. Lord John Lawrence (1864-69)

  • Called " The Saviour of India and Organiser of Victory"

4. Lord Mayo (1869-72)

  • Started statistical survey of India
  • Passed Indian Evidence Act in 1872
  • Murdered in India ( Andaman) by Sher Ali
  • Started decentralization of finance in India

5. Lord North Brook (1872-76)

  • Kuka Revolt broke out at the period of Lord North Brook

6. Lord Lytton (1876-80)

  • Known as Viceroy of Reverse Chapter
  • Introduced Separate Civil Service exams for Indians
  • Organised first royal durbar in Delhi (1877)

7. Lord Ripon (1880-84)

  • Known as 'The Popular Viceroy'
  • Father of Local Self Government in India( Passed Local Self Government Act in 1882)
  • Said " Judge me by my works and not by my words"
  • Passed first Factory Act in 1881

Lord Dufferin (1884-88)

  • Viceroy during the formation of INC in 1885
  • Introduce Public Service Commission in India in 1886

Lord Lansdowne (1888-1894)

  • Passed Indian Council Act 1892
  • Appointed Durant Commission to divide British India and Afganistan (Durand Line)

Lord Elgin II (1894-99)

Lord Curzon (1899-1905) [Important]

  • Passed Indian Universities Act in 1904
  • Organised the Archaeological survey of India
  • First Viceroy to Visit Travancore
  • Known as Aurangazeb of British India
  • Viceroy During the Bengal Split

Lord Minto II (1905-10)

  • Passes Indian Council Act in 1909

Lord Hardinge II (1910-16)

  • Shifted India's Capital from Calcutta to Delhi
  • Passed Defense of India Act in 1915
  • Rash Bihari Bose tried to Kill Lord Hardinge II

Lord Chelmsford (1916-21)

  • Passed Govt. of India Act 1919
  • Jalian Walabagh Massacre in 1919

Lord Reading (1921-26)

  • Abolished Devadasi system
  • Separated Railway budget from General budget in 1924
  • Chauri Chaura Incident Happened in 1922

Lord Irwin (1926-31)

  • Viceroy during the arrival of Simon Commission
  • Viceroy during First Round Table Conference happened in 1930
  • Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged in 1931

Lord Willington (1931-36)

  • Viceroy during second and third Round Table Conference
  • Signed Poona Pact
  • Passed Govt. of India Act 1935

Lord Linlithgow (1936-43)

  • Viceroy during Crips Mission
  • Longest Serving Viceroy in India
  • Quit India Movement in 1942
  • Putforward August Offer in 1940

Lord Wavell (1943-47)

  • Royal Navel Mutiny (1946)
  • Viceroy during the arrival of Cabinet Mission (1946)
  • Simla Conference (1945)
  • Constituent Assembly was formed in 6th December 1946

Lord Mountbatten (1947-48)

  • Last Viceroy of British India and First Governor General of Independent India
  • Viceroy during Indian independence
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Careerdune Free PSC Study Materials Question Bank Mock Tests: PSC SSC Modern India Study Materials: Viceroys of India
PSC SSC Modern India Study Materials: Viceroys of India
In the history section Modern India is an important topic for the competitive examinations like PSC and SSC. In this sections questions will be asked in the format " Who is the British Viceroy when the following incident was happened in India in the year
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