Facts About India - Basic Facts | SSC PSC Study Materials

Facts about India important Study materials important questions and previously asked questions in SSC and PSC Examinations

  • India is the 7th largest country in the world with a total area of 32,87,263 Sq km
  • Second most populated country (17.5 % of the world population) in the world after China, with total population of 121,08,54,977 (121 Crore).
  • Population density - 382/Sq km
  • Sex Ratio : 940 females per 1000 males

Border Countries

  • Afghanistan and Pakistan to the North-West
  • China, Bhutan, Nepal to the North
  • Myanmar to the East
  • Bangladesh to the East of West Bengal
  • Sri Lanka in the south Separated by a narrow strait known as Palk Strait

Info Based on Borders

  • States having borders with more countries
    Jammu Kashmir - Pakistan, Afghanistan and China
    Sikkim - China, bhutan, Nepal
  • The country having largest land border with India - Bangladesh (4096.7 km)
  • Country having smallest land border with India - Afghanistan ( 106 km)
  • The largest country that has borders with India - China
  • The Smallest country that has borders with India - Bhutan
  • The state that has largest land boundary with Pakistan - Rajastan
  • The two Island neighbour countries of India - Sri Lanka and Maldives

Name of Border Lines

  • India and Sri Lanka - Palk Strait
  • India and Pakistan - Radcliff Line
  • India and China - Mac Mohan Line
  • India and Maldives - 8 degree channel
  • India, China and Myanmar - Hkakabo Razi (Border Tri point)


  • Total Coastline - 7517 km
  • Konkan Coast,  Malabar Coast, Coromandel Coast


  • Population density of India : 382 / sq km
  • Most populous state : Uttar Pradesh
  • Most densely populous state : Bihar
  • Least Populous state : Sikkim
  • Least densely populous state : Arunachal Pradesh
  • Most populous Union territory : Delhi
  • Most densely populous union territory : Delhi
  • Least populous UT : Lakshadweep
  • Least densely populous UT : Andaman and Nicobar Islands


  • National Capital Territory : New Delhi ( in 1991, 69th constitutional amendment)
  • National Flag : Tricolour flag ( Tiranga )
    The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at bottom in equal proportions. At the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which is a representation of Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath
    Saffron - Strength and courage of the country
    White - Peace and truth with Dharma Chakra
    Green - Fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land
    Adopted - 22nd July 1947
  • National Emblem - Lion Capital
    The National Emblem s an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion capital of Ashoka. In the original there are 4 lions, standing back to back.
    Adopted - 26th January 1950
  • National Anthem - Jana gana mana
    Composed - Originally in Bengali by Rabindra Nath Tagore and adopted its Hindi version
    Adopted - 24th January 1950
    First sung - 27th December 1911, INC Kolkata Session
  • National Song - Vande Mataram
    Composed- in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterji
    Taken from the Book - Anandamath ( Novel)
  • National Language - Hindi
    Total Official languages - 22
    Schedule - 8th Scehdule
  • National bird - Peacock ( Pavo cristatus) in 1963
  • National Animal - Tiger ( Panthera tigris ) in 1972. Lion was capital animal until 1972
  • Heritage Animal - Elephant ( Elephas maximus indicus) in 2010 October
  • National Fruit - Mango ( Mangifera indica)
  • National Flower - Lotus ( Nelumbo nucifera )
  • National Tree - Banyan tree ( Ficus benghalensis)
  • National Sports - Hockey
  • National calender - Saka Era , adopted on 22nd March 1957
  • National River - Ganga , adopted in 2008 November
  • National Fish - Ayakoora
  • National Aquatic Animal - Ganga dolphin, adopted in October 2009
  • National Dance - Bharatanatyam
  • The new Indian Rupee was adopted on - 15th July 2010



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Careerdune Free PSC Study Materials Question Bank Mock Tests: Facts About India - Basic Facts | SSC PSC Study Materials
Facts About India - Basic Facts | SSC PSC Study Materials
Facts about India important Study materials important questions and previously asked questions in SSC and PSC Examinations
Careerdune Free PSC Study Materials Question Bank Mock Tests
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